ACOE Army Corps of Engineers.   http://www.usace.army.mil/
   
ACP Agricultural Conservation Program. A program administered by the Farm Service Agency that was the oldest and largest cost-share program, in 1996 it was terminated and replaced   by the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP).
   
ADA Association of (Watershed) District Administrators. A group of people who make up the district   administrators for watershed districts.
   
AMC Association of Minnesota Counties. A voluntary, non-partisan statewide organization that assists the   counties in providing effective county governance to the people of Minnesota.   http://www.mncounties.org/about_amc.html
   
AMT Association of Minnesota Townships. http://www.mntownships.org/
   
BWSR Board of Water and Soil Resources. The state soil and water conservation agency, it administers programs that prevent sediment and nutrients from entering our lakes, rivers   and streams; enhance fish and wildlife habitat; and protect wetlands. The 20   member board consists of representatives of local and state government agencies and citizens. http://www.bwsr.state.mn.us/
   
CAC Citizen Advisory Committee. A regional or local network of citizens whose purpose is to provide, identify and assist in establishing goals for issues of concern, serve as a   communication link between the organization and the community, and provide   feedback and assistance.
   
CLMP/CSMP Citizens Lake Monitoring Program/Citizen Stream Monitoring Program.   http://www.pca.state.mn.us/index.php/water/water-monitoring-and-reporting/volunteer-water-monitoring/volunteer-surface-water-monitoring.html
   
CLWP Comprehensive Local Water Planning. The adoption and implementation of local water management plans that are based on local priorities.
   
CREP Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program. A voluntary land retirement program that helps agricultural producers protect environmentally sensitive land, decrease erosion, restore   wildlife habitat, and safeguard ground and surface water.
   
CRP Conservation Reserve Program. A volunteer program available to agricultural producers to help them use environmentally sensitive lands for conservation benefits.
   
C-S Cost-Share Program. Monetary support provided to the SWCDs to share the cost of systems or practices for erosion control, or water quality improvements that are designed to protect and improve soil and water resources.
   
CTI Compound Topographic Index. A secondary attribute calculated from Raster data in GIS systems that is a quantification of the position of a site in the local landscape. Often referred to as the steady state wetness index. Identifies areas where water collects or ponds. CTI = Ln (Aspect/Slope)
   
CWC Clean Water Council. Created through the Clean Water Legacy Act to advise on the administration and implementation of the Clean Water legacy Act.   http://www.pca.state.mn.us/index.php/about-mpca/mpca-overview/councils-and-
   
CWL Clean Water Legacy. An act designed to address the concerns and remediation of Minnesota's impaired waters.
   
CWMA Cooperative Weed Management Area. A partnership of federal, state, and local government agencies, tribes, individuals, and various interested groups that manage noxious weeds or   invasive plants in a defined area.
   
CWP Clean Water Partnership. A program through the MPCA designed to control nonpoint source pollution through watershed management to protect and improve surface and ground water   in Minnesota.
   
DEM Digital Elevation Model. A digital model or 3D representation of a terrain's surface created from terrain elevation data.
   
DNR Department of Natural Resources. Department that works to integrate and sustain the interdependent values of a health environment, a sustainable economy, and livable communities.
   
EPA Environmental Protection Agency. Purpose is to protect human health and the environment.
   
EQIP Environmental Quality Incentives Program. A voluntary program available to agricultural producers that provides technical and financial assistance through contracts up to 10 years in length.
   
FDR Flood Damage Reduction. Provides technical and financial assistance to LGUs for reducing the risk and extent of flood damages.
   
FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency. http://www.fema.gov/
   
FSA Farm Service Agency. Administers farm commodity, crop insurance, credit, environmental, conservation, and emergency assistance for farmers and ranchers.   http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?contid=FSA_Agency_Splash.xml
   
GIS Geographical Information System.  A system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of geographical data.
   
GPS Geographical Positioning Systems. A space-based satellite navigation system that provides location and time information.
   
HUC Hydrologic Unit Coed. A sequence of numbers or letters which identifies a hydrologic feature, such as lakes, rivers, or watersheds.
   
JBP Joint Powers Board. A board of people made up from an entity comprised of two or more public authorities that operate collectively to represent the needs of the   group/area/environment.
   
LAP Lake Assessment Program. Water quality data collected from Minnesota lakes from its staff, citizens, and partners used to assess the condition of Minnesota Lakes (MPCA).
   
LCCMR Legislative-Citizen Commission of Minnesota Resources. Purpose is to make funding recommendations to the legislature for special environmental and natural resources protects,   primarily from Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund (ENRTF)   http://www.lccrm.leg.mn
   
LGU Local Government Unit. An administrative and political government unit subsidiary to the national government which could itself consist of sub-units. They are generally the main point of contact for certain services/decisions.
   
LiDar Light Detection and Ranging. An optical remote sensing technology that can measure distance to, or other properties of, targets by illuminating the target with laser light and analyzing the backscattered light.
   
LOHC Lessard Outdoor Heritage Council. Established by the legislature with the responsibility of providing annual funding recommendations to the legislature from the Outdoor Heritage   Fund. http://www.lsohc.leg.mn
   
LWRPMP Local Water Resources Protection and Management Program. A program through BWSR that aims to protect and enhances Minnesota's surface water and groundwater through local   comprehensive water management.
   
MACDE Minnesota Association of Conservation District Employees. http://www.macde.us/
   
MASWCD Minnesota Association of Soil and Water Conservation Districts. A nonprofit organization which exists to provide leadership and a common voice for MN SWCDs.   http://www.maswcd.org/index.htm
   
MAWD Minnesota Association of Watershed Districts. http://www.mnwatershed.org/
   
MDA Minnesota Department of Agriculture. Responsible for ensuring the integrity of our food supply, the health of the environment, and the strength of our agricultural economy. Three general areas of responsibility include: protecting our food supply, protecting our natural resources, and cultivating our agriculture economy.   http://www.mda.state.mn.us/
   
MDH Minnesota Department of Health.  http//www.health.state.mn.us
   
MGS Minnesota Geological Service. http://www.mngs.umn.edu/service.htm
   
MMB Minnesota Office of Management and Budget. http:/www.mmb.state.mn.us/
   
MNDOT Minnesota Department of Transportation. http://www.dot.state.mn.us/
   
MOWA Minnesota Onsite Wastewater Association. http://mowa-mn.com
   
MPCA Minnesota Pollution Control Agency. Purpose is to monitor environmental quality, offer technical and   financial assistance, and enforces environmental regulations.
   
NACD National Association of Conservation Districts. http://www.nacdnet.org/
   
NPEA Nonpoint Engineering Assistance. A program through BWSR designed to provide engineering assistant to  landowners, via soil and water conservation districts, for a variety of non-point water quality management practices.
   
NPS Non-point Source Pollution. Refers to both water and air pollution from diffuse sources.
   
NRBG Natural Resources Block Grant. A composite of base grants available to local government units that help them implement programs designed to protect and improve water resources. BWSR.
   
NRCS Natural Resources Conservation. Assists in conservation for natural resources, ensures private lanes are conserved, restored, and more resilient to environmental challenges.   http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/site/national/home
   
NWF National Wildlife Federation.  http://www.nwf.org/
   
OSTP Onsite Sewage Treatment Program.  http://www.septic.umn.edu/
   
PFM Private Forestry Management. Historically a rather large program through the DNR designed to assist private landowners in developing forest management plans, the program has gone through large cuts recently.
   
PWP Permanent Wetland Preserve. Designed to acquire permanent easements on land containing types 1 (seasonally flooded basins or floodplains), 2 (wet meadows), 3 (shallow marshes), or 6 (shrub swamps) wetlands as deemed by the USFWS through BWSR.
   
RC&D Resources Conservation & Development. USDA program administered by the NRCS to accelerate conservation, development, and utilization of natural resources, improve general level of economic activity, and to enhance the environment and standard of living. Initiated in 1962 under the Food and Agriculture Act of 1962.
   
RECD Rural Economic and Community Development. http://www.rurdev.usda.gov/
   
RIM Reinvest in Minnesota. A program through the BWSR designed to protect and improve water quality, reduce soil erosion, and enhance fish and wildlife habitat on privately owned lands by   retiring environmentally sensitive lands from agricultural production (began in 1986).
   
SHI Soil Health Initiative. Program as part of EQIP that promotes health soils to reduce wind and water erosion. Producers can apply for financial assistance to carry out one or more of the   core conservation practices to improve their farm's soil health.
   
SLR Streambank, Lakeshore, and Roadside Programs. A state program to provide financial assistance to prevent erosion on streambanks, lakeshores, and roadsides.
   
SPI Stream Power Index. A secondary attribute calculated from raster data in GIS systems that is a quantification of the potential erosive power of overland flow. SPI = LN (Area * Slope).
   
SRF State Revolving Fund. A fund administered by the state for the purpose of providing low-interest loans for investments in water and sanitation infrastructure, and the implementation of nonpoint source pollution.
   
SSTS Sub-surface Sewage Treatment Systems. Regulates domestic septic systems to protect public health and the environment.
   
SWCD Soil and Water Conservation District. Political subdivisions of the state established under Minnesota Statute 103C that is governed by a board of elected officials and whose purpose is to assist landowners with conservation practices that protect natural resources.
   
SWCS Soil and Water Conservation Society. http://www.swcs.org/
   
TAC Technical Advisory Committee. A group of people who provide technical and expert advice.
   
TMDL Total Maximum Daily Load. A regulatory term that describes the maximum amount of a pollutant that a body of water can receive while still meeting water quality standards.
   
USDA United States Department of Agriculture. Federal agency that provides assistance and knowledge on food, agriculture, natural resources, rural development, nutrition, and related   issues. http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome
   
USF&WS United States Fish and Wildlife Service. A bureau within the Department of the Interior whose mission is to work with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife and plants, and their habitats for the continuing benefits of the American people.  http://www.fws.gov/
   
USGS United States Geological Survey. A science organization that provides impartial information on the health of our ecosystems and environment, the natural hazards that threaten us, the   natural resources we rely on, the impacts of climate and land use change, and the core science systems that help us provide timely, relevant, and usable information. http://www.usgs.gov/
   
WBP Water Bank Program. A fund intended to keep water on the land for the benefit of migratory wildlife, as well as preserving and conserving wetlands, conserving surface waters, reducing erosion, and contributing to flood control.
   
WCA Wetland Conservation Act of 1991 was designed to protect wetlands in the state of Minnesota administered by BWSR and assisted by SWCDs
   
WD Watershed District. Special government entities that monitor and regulate the use of water in watersheds surrounding various lakes and rivers in the state.
   
WRP Wetland Reserve Program. A voluntary program designed to protect, restore, and enhance wetlands on their property.
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